Breeding License

Do you need a license to breed dogs or, more specifically, German Shepherd Dogs? 

Legally, no. Ethically, yes.  

There is a “breeding license” program in place for the German Shepherd Dog. It is called a körung* (Koerung) designated by KKL (Koerklasse) after the dog’s name. Meaning this dog has earned its körung, also commonly referred to by English speakers as a breed survey. The körung is a breeding license as defined by the World Federation of German Shepherd Clubs (WUSV), whose purpose is to preserve the core values and integrity of the German Shepherd Dog. 

What do you have to do to have these three simple letters behind your dog’s name?

  1. Formal Certification:
    • Hips (SV German A-Stamp)
    • Elbows (SV German A-Stamp)
    • DNA (blood DNA kept on file with the SV)
  2. ZAP 1 (Wesen test) Character assessment test between 9 to 13 months of age.
  3. Breeding Evaluation dog must be >12 months or older and receive a rating of “G” or higher. Also referred to as a “Show Rating.”
  4. BH (Begleithund) translates from German as Companion Dog. The BH is a combination of temperament and obedience tests, consisting of three parts – written test (for you), obedience, and the traffic portion (temperament). 
  5. AD (Ausdauerpruefung) is an endurance test. During the AD test, the dog trots next to the handler, who is riding on a bicycle, for a total of 12.5 miles (20 KM) at a pace of 7.7 to 9.5 MPH (12-15 KMPH). The test contains a 15 minute rest period at the 5-mile (8 KM) mark and another 15-minute break when the dog has completed 9.4 miles (15 KM). During the rest periods, the judge checks the dog for tender or worn pads, overall fatigue, or poor condition. The judge dismisses any dog that is not fit to continue. After completing the full distance, there is a 20 minute rest period followed by a short obedience routine.
  6. IGP (International Gebrauchshund Prufung) translated as International Working Dog). You may see the abbreviations of IPO or SchH on dogs pedigrees, which are former designations of this title. To earn and IGP title, you and your dog must successfully pass tests in three phases: tracking, obedience, and protection, all at one competition. There are three levels to the IGP 1, 2, 3, with each level increasing in difficulty.
  7.  You have successfully earned all the above, and now, you may present your dog to a Koermeister. A Koermeister is an SV judge with decades of experience in training, titling, raising, and breeding the German Shepherd Dog. 

Congratulations, you now have a license to breed your German Shepherd Dog!!

*Previously there were two classifications for the körung. KKL1 and KKL2 or KKLa or KKLb. with the a, b, 1, or 2 – this may still be seen on older dogs in a pedigree. The designation is as follows:

  • KKL1 or KKLa – recommended for breeding.
  • KKL2 or KKLb – suitable for breeding with some warnings.

Wesen Test ZAP FAQ

Who does the assessment? 

SV licensed judges with the BW designation are approved by the SV to judge the ZAP test. From here in out referred to as assessors.

How can the assessor understand my puppy’s reactions when he doesn’t know him? 

The assessors have had many years of experience with GSDs of all ages and will be very familiar with how they react and what things might affect the way they behave. 

At the start of the assessment, the assessor will ask about the puppy and its handler. 

  • Does the handler own the puppy? 
  • Does it live in the house or a kennel? 
  • Is this the handler’s first puppy? 
  • Is the handler an experienced trainer? 

The assessor builds up a picture of its background, which helps them to understand better how the puppy reacts based on what it may or may not have experienced before. 

What does my puppy have to do to pass the assessment? 

The assessor is looking to see how the puppy reacts to each of the tasks, each puppy will respond differently, and the assessor will comment on the reaction in terms of how closely it fits with the expectation for a GSD puppy or what it tells us about the puppy’s aptitudes. 

There are no points awarded, and no pass mark – the assessor (judge) makes comments about each task. 

The ZAP character assessment is not a qualification in its own right. It is a stepping stone to more advanced requirements. It is designed for breeders of German Shepherds but will be interesting, fun, and useful to all owners. 

Can my puppy fail the ZAP Character Assessment? 

There are three ways in which a puppy can fail the ZAP Assessment: 

  • The puppy is excessively aggressive 
  • The puppy is excessively nervous 
  • The puppy is excessively afraid of the gun test. 

Can I retake the assessment if my puppy fails? 

The assessment can be taken a maximum of two times. 

How can I train my puppy for the assessment? 

The most important thing to do in preparation for the assessment is to socialize your puppy. Play with the puppy, handle the puppy, and introduce it to different situations and people. As soon as it is old enough to leave the house, get out and about, enjoy your puppy and introduce it to lots of different people and places. 

Is the assessment stressful for the puppy? 

The assessment is done in a specific way, with great care being taken not to cause the puppy undue stress. 

The puppy will be put in unusual circumstances, though, and its natural reaction may be to become a little stressed. If the puppy is overly stressed, the assessor will stop the task and may stop the assessment. 

The assessor leaves plenty of time between tasks to ensure that the puppy is ready to move on to the next one. The amount of time can vary significantly from one puppy to another. 

The assessment is likely to take around 30 minutes. 

Can I take my puppy into the assessment myself? 

Yes, absolutely! The assessment is not physically demanding, and your puppy will likely be at its most comfortable and relaxed when it is with you. 

Wesensüberprüfung ZAP1 and ZAP2

Wesensüberprüfung ages 9 – 13 months:

Highlight video from a ZAP Part One seminar:

ZAP Part TWO
You can now choose to the IGP(IPO) title or the ZAP Part-Two. To obtain your körung (KKL) or breeding-license, the ZAP Part-One is required if you decide to do the IGP(IPO) title or the ZAP Part-Two.

This new requirement applies to all dogs born after July 1, 2017.

ZAP Part-Two was developed by the Verein für Deutsche Schäferhunde (SV), which can be done instead of the FCI title regulations (IGP/IPO). The ZAP working-section is divided into areas of nose-work, either tracking or searching. Also, obedience and defense exercises, which can be selected by the dog handler (I am looking for further clarification).

The ZAP test aims to maintain the breed’s versatility and the existing working-dog characteristics and to promote it in a targeted manner.

The following video is from the SV of ZAP Part-Two. IN the meantime we are waiting for an English translation:

Puppy Training

Puppy Training

Hello! I am so excited to announce that I am working with Alta-Tollhaus to provide puppy training for new puppy parents! Let me get your puppy off to the best possible start. What you will get is a solid, confident puppy who loves to learn! Your puppy will be housebroken and crate trained. You new puppy will learn house manners and also be exposed to as many sights and sounds as possible in and around the home. Our ultimate goal is a solid, confident, happy, friendly puppy that you can take anywhere.

A huge portion of our puppy program is socialization! This should be an ongoing part of your dogs life, that being said, there is an optimal socialization window where it is imperative that your puppy has exposure to many places, people, sounds and experiences. In addition to all of this, your puppy will be started in basic obedience to include sit/stay, down/stay, recall (come command), beginning heeling, nail trimming (clipper and Dremel), grooming, handling and to top if off, your puppy will even learn how to walk on a treadmill!

So, how does this all work? I offer four and eight week packages depending on your ultimate goals. I prefer to get your puppy directly from Alta-Tollhaus and begin right at the eight week mark. You are more than welcome to visit your puppy during training and if you are local I will include a mid-way and a go-home lesson with your training package. You can choose to get your puppy at 12 weeks or at 16 weeks.

I will be with you every step of the way to make sure you feel confident to continue the training at home. With an Alta-Tollhaus puppy, you are already getting the best of genetics – let me help you add in the training component. Pictured is my current puppy client, Layla from the Tao and Alfa litter born in early August, 2019.