Do you need a license to breed dogs or, more specifically, German Shepherd Dogs?
Legally, no. Ethically, yes.
There is a “breeding license” program in place for the German Shepherd Dog. It is called a körung* (Koerung) designated by KKL (Koerklasse) after the dog’s name. Meaning this dog has earned its körung, also commonly referred to by English speakers as a breed survey. Thekörung is a breeding license as defined by the World Federation of German Shepherd Clubs (WUSV), whose purpose is to preserve the core values and integrity of the German Shepherd Dog.
What do you have to do to have these three simple letters behind your dog’s name?
Hips (SV German A-Stamp)
Elbows (SV German A-Stamp)
DNA (blood DNA kept on file with the SV)
ZAP 1 (Wesen test) Character assessment test between 9 to 13 months of age.
Breeding Evaluation dog must be >12 months or older and receive a rating of “G” or higher. Also referred to as a “Show Rating.”
BH (Begleithund) translates from German as Companion Dog. The BH is a combination of temperament and obedience tests, consisting of three parts – written test (for you), obedience, and the traffic portion (temperament).
AD (Ausdauerpruefung) is an endurance test. During the AD test, the dog trots next to the handler, who is riding on a bicycle, for a total of 12.5 miles (20 KM) at a pace of 7.7 to 9.5 MPH (12-15 KMPH). The test contains a 15 minute rest period at the 5-mile (8 KM) mark and another 15-minute break when the dog has completed 9.4 miles (15 KM). During the rest periods, the judge checks the dog for tender or worn pads, overall fatigue, or poor condition. The judge dismisses any dog that is not fit to continue. After completing the full distance, there is a 20 minute rest period followed by a short obedience routine.
IGP (International Gebrauchshund Prufung) translated as International Working Dog). You may see the abbreviations of IPO or SchH on dogs pedigrees, which are former designations of this title. To earn and IGP title, you and your dog must successfully pass tests in three phases: tracking, obedience, and protection, all at one competition. There are three levels to the IGP 1, 2, 3, with each level increasing in difficulty.
You have successfully earned all the above, and now, you may present your dog to a Koermeister. A Koermeister is an SV judge with decades of experience in training, titling, raising, and breeding the German Shepherd Dog.
Congratulations, you now have a license to breed your German Shepherd Dog!!
*Previously there were two classifications for the körung. KKL1 and KKL2 or KKLa or KKLb. with the a, b, 1, or 2 – this may still be seen on older dogs in a pedigree. The designation is as follows:
KKL1 or KKLa – recommended for breeding.
KKL2 or KKLb – suitable for breeding with some warnings.
ZAP Part TWO You can now choose to the IGP(IPO) title or the ZAP Part-Two. To obtain your körung (KKL) or breeding-license, the ZAP Part-One is required if you decide to do the IGP(IPO) title or the ZAP Part-Two.
This new requirement applies to all dogs born after July 1, 2017.
ZAP Part-Two was developed by the Verein für Deutsche Schäferhunde (SV), which can be done instead of the FCI title regulations (IGP/IPO). The ZAP working-section is divided into areas of nose-work, either tracking or searching. Also, obedience and defense exercises, which can be selected by the dog handler (I am looking for further clarification).
The ZAP test aims to maintain the breed’s versatility and the existing working-dog characteristics and to promote it in a targeted manner.
The following video is from the SV of ZAP Part-Two. IN the meantime we are waiting for an English translation:
The German Shepherd Dog (GSD) is the most versatile breed of dog in the World, which is why it is a widely used service dog in very many different ways and a favorite for many canine sports but also is a much-loved companion dog. Its popularity is due to Its unique character, incorporating intelligence, loyalty, confidence, and determination. In any breed of dog, demand can lead to indiscriminate breeding and the erosion of crucial breed characteristics.
The core purpose of the SV (GSD Club in Germany, the World Governing Body) is the protection of the unique features of the GSD.
The objective is to ensure the GSD remains the outstanding companion dog and the working dog that it should always be. A program known as the Breed Harmonization Program was introduced in 2016 by the SV across the World through the WUSV (World Union of GSD Clubs) member clubs. A fundamental element of this program is the introduction of an assessment of the character of German Shepherd Puppies between the age of 9 and 13 months.
The evaluation looks at various aspects of the puppy’s temperament and comments on them so that the puppy’s owner can understand their puppy’s behavior better and have some information that will help when considering basic training requirements and methods. For those who are interested, it can give insight into suitability for activities such as obedience, tracking, agility, and breeding. The assessment is known as the ZAP Character Assessment (ZAP 1 for short)*
*note that ZAP1 is in its early stages, and as such, changes to terminology, procedures, etc. may occur.